Relieving citizens from high (energy) prices: a comparison between EU Member States

The energy crisis is not over yet. But how targeted are the Member States’ measures in terms of particularly supporting poorer households?

With warmer temperatures across Europe and falling gas prices, one might think that the energy crisis is over. However, this is not the case. For example, gas prices are still several times higher than the average of the last 10 years. And throughout 2023, suppliers will pass on their purchase prices (which have been exceptionally high last year in particular) to their customers. This shows that the energy crisis is far from over and 2023 is connected with great uncertainties.

Already in July 2022, FES Just Climate conducted an in-depth analysis of measures that EU Member States enacted to counter the consequences of high energy prices for citizens and businesses. Now, in April 2023, it is time to take a closer look again and draw a first conclusion. What measures were implemented by the Member States? How targeted were they in terms of particularly supporting poorer households?And which policies were implemented with undesirable side effects?

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